Lachlan McPheat ; Mehrnoosh Sadrzadeh ; Hadi Wazni ; Gijs Wijnholds - Categorical Vector Space Semantics for Lambek Calculus with a Relevant Modality

compositionality:13521 - Compositionality, May 16, 2023, Volume 5 (2023) -
Categorical Vector Space Semantics for Lambek Calculus with a Relevant ModalityArticle

Authors: Lachlan McPheat 1; Mehrnoosh Sadrzadeh 1; Hadi Wazni 1; Gijs Wijnholds 2

  • 1 Department of Computer Science, University College London, 66-72 Gower St, WC1E 6EA, London, UK
  • 2 Institute for Language Sciences, Utrecht University, Trans 10, 3512 JK, Utrecht, NL

We develop a categorical compositional distributional semantics for Lambek Calculus with a Relevant Modality !L*, which has a limited edition of the contraction and permutation rules. The categorical part of the semantics is a monoidal biclosed category with a coalgebra modality, very similar to the structure of a Differential Category. We instantiate this category to finite dimensional vector spaces and linear maps via "quantisation" functors and work with three concrete interpretations of the coalgebra modality. We apply the model to construct categorical and concrete semantic interpretations for the motivating example of !L*: the derivation of a phrase with a parasitic gap. The effectiveness of the concrete interpretations are evaluated via a disambiguation task, on an extension of a sentence disambiguation dataset to parasitic gap phrases, using BERT, Word2Vec, and FastText vectors and Relational tensors.

Volume: Volume 5 (2023)
Published on: May 16, 2023
Imported on: May 2, 2024
Keywords: Computer Science - Computation and Language,Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science

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